Disease Alert: Identifying and Treating Chikungunya

Nowaday, every morning read on newpaper, you will found that they are a lot virus spread around the world. One associates mosquitoes with diseases like malaria and dengue but often we forget about chikungunya. Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted through the mosquito Aedes agypti. Similar to malaria and dengue this disease is also common during monsoon.
dengue
Once infected, this disease has an incubation period that ranges between one to twelve days. The following are some of the symptoms of chikungunya.

  • Fever with severe headaches
  • Body ache
  • Vomiting
  • Severe dehydration
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Mild body rash in some

Chikungunya vs Dengue and Malaria
Dr Amitabh Ghosh, Internal Medicine, Columbia Asia Hospital-Gurgaon says, “the fever pattern in Chikungunya is different from both dengue & malaria. Here the body aches, calf muscles pain are extreme in comparison with malaria and dengue. In malaria you have anti malarial medicines which are given for the treatment whereas in Chikungunya only symptomatic treatment is available and prevention of organ damages like renal failure is done”.

Prevention
As it is a mosquito borne disease, immediately post monsoon period there is rise in the breeding of mosquitoes thus an increase in chikungunya cases. Therefore one must follow the following prevention tips.

  • Keep away from mosquito bites
  • Follow proper cleanliness
  • Avoid water logging
  • Apply sanitation barrier

Testing
Chikungunya anti-body test is initiated only if a clinical indication indicates so.

After testing, the following treatments are initiated.

  • Symptomatic treatment
  • Proper hydration
  • Paracetamol is a safe medicine
  • Try avoiding drug of Analgesics voveron, brufin

Although chikungunya lasts for 5-6 days on an average, severe cases may take longer to heal. Lethargy and body ache may persist more than one month is some patients.

 

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