Carrying a baby in the womb is a very crucial time in any woman’s life. Everything she consumes affects the baby. In such a scenario she has to be extremely cautious about her food intake. Apart from following a balanced diet, she also has to make sure she gets the right nutrients. Here are a few essential nutrients every pregnant woman must consume.
Folic acid or vitamin B9 is a vital nutrient to consume during pregnancy. This nutrient helps in the production of red blood cells. It also helps in the functioning and repair of DNA. Consuming folic acid supplementation has also shown significant decrease in the risk of preterm delivery. Foods like spinach, beans and peanuts are a good source of folic acid.
The mother and the baby both need calcium for strong bones and teeth. Apart from that calcium also helps in circulatory, muscular and nervous system functioning. Foods like milk, yogurt, cheese and salmon are good sources of calcium.
Vitamin D will help maintain energy levels, support the immune system and most importantly will help in the growing of the foetus. Consuming appropriate amounts of vitamin D will ensure bone strength of both the mother and the child. Ideally the early morning sun is a good source of vitamin D.
Iron is required to make haemoglobin in the body. It is an extremely essential nutrient during pregnancy as the baby and the placenta needs more blood. Apart from that lack of iron could also cause anemia, which could result in preterm labour. Foods like meat, spinach, poultry etc. are good sources of iron.
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