Uric acid is a byproduct of the metabolic breakdown of the purine nucleotides from the foods you eat. Most of the uric acid is filtered out by your kidneys and expelled from your body through your urine. A small amount passes out of your body through your stool. However, if too much uric acid is being produced by your body or if your kidneys are unable to remove it from your blood naturally, the level of uric acid in your blood rises.
According to medical herbalism and functional food expert, Dr. Sharad Kasarle, “High blood concentrations of uric acid can lead to gout. The chemical is also associated with other medical conditions like diabetes and the formation of ammonium acid urate kidney stones.”
The medical nutritionist further adds that in human blood plasma, the reference range of uric acid for males is between 3.6 mg/dL, and 2.3-6.6 mg/dL for females. Uric acid concentrations in blood plasma above and below the normal range are known as hyperuricemia and hypouricemia respectively.
Symptoms of gout:
– Podagra, which is extreme tenderness and swelling in the joint of the big toe. The pain usually starts at night and lasts for hours- sometimes even a little movement can cause a lot of discomfort and pain. In cases of chronic gout, older adults experience less pain in the joint comparatively and might confuse it for arthritis.
– Reddening of the affected joint, which can even turn purple after some time.
– Limited ability to move.
– Persistent itching around the big toe joint, followed by peeling.
– Inflammation of bursae, usually near the elbow and knees, leading to bursitis.
– Gritty accumulations of uric acid crystals called tophi that appear on the joints near the elbows, knees, fingers and toes.